De-risk External Integrations When Building Service Orchestrations

Complex services often involve orchestration among external providers – either for security, data enrichment, or a host of other reasons. Your service – on many occasions – won’t be able to function effectively without these external integrations or dependencies. There are a number of ways to de-risk these integrations:

  • Use timeouts explicitly – whether it is using JDBC, URL Connections, or FTP connectors – to avoid indefinitely blocking on external invocations. If it is a custom or 3rd party API that doesn’t have such a parameter, use Future task with timeouts as a workaround.
  • Introduce Circuit Brakers – if there are multiple calls timing out within a threshold for instance, subsequent invocations can fail fast and ensure valuable system resources aren’t tied up unnecessarily.
  • Provide a debug mode or a message capture mode where requests / events being sent to external integrations can be captured for both monitoring and troubleshooting purposes. These diagnostic capabilities are invaluable when your team is trying to ascertain if a problem is related to connectivity, contract, transmission, etc.
  • Monitor external connections via health checks – these checks can alert proactively in the event a connection becomes unresponsive/stale prior to your clients facing issues.
  • Smoke test deployments – with every single release and every single time prior to turning on business processing. If you find for instance the database your service depends on is unavailable or if external dependencies are not responding back, it is better to find it sooner rather than later.
  • Add robust exception handling enabling greater resiliency. If an external service provider comes back online and you can transparently replay pending messages or requests – the system doesn’t need manual support interventions enabling resiliency and reducing opportunity for manual errors. One way to implement this is via a queue – add messages and process them asynchronously (e.g. order placed via web page in an e-commerce site and you get a confirmation email a few moments later)
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